Nicaragua is a representative democratic republic and the largest state in Central America. The name 'Nicaragua' seems to have meant 'surrounded by water' in an older, indigenous language that mixed with Spanish. This could be either because of the two large freshwater lakes, Lake Nicaragua and Lake Managua, or because the country is bounded on the east and the west b ...y oceans. The country is bordered by Honduras to the north and by Costa Rica to the south. The Pacific Ocean lies to the west of the country, while the Caribbean Sea lies to the east.Show More
American and Canadian citizens must have a passport that is valid for at least 6 months beyond the intended return date in order to enter and depart Nicaragua.Tourists must also provide proof of return or onward travel. Each traveler is responsible for ensuring that his/her passport is up to date. Citizens of other nationalities should check with respective authorities before departure. Please ensure that the name on your passport matches all travel documents we have issued. If this is not the case, please contact us immediately.
Please make a photocopy of your passport’s identification page and keep it separate from the original. It’s also a good idea to leave a digital copy with someone at home. This may speed the replacement process should you lose your passport.
Both Canadian and American citizens traveling on regular passports for business or tourist purposes do not need a visa for a stay of up to 90 days. Please note that if you are staying longer than 90 days, obtaining a visa is your responsibility. This may be different for citizens of other countries. These requirements change often and therefore it is recommended that you check with the Embassy of Nicaragua for the most up- to-date information.
For more visa information please visit:
Cancelation and Medical Insurance is highly recommended. Medical facilities are poor quality and are very limited, especially outside Managua. Insurance can safeguard against in-country medical emergencies as well as lost or delayed baggage and emergency cancelation or interruption of your trip. Please ensure your policy will provide you with upfront medical coverage so that you are not responsible for a hefty medical bill.
No vaccinations are currently required to enter Nicaragua, although it is strongly recommended to vaccinate against Malaria and Yellow Fever if visiting rural areas.
It is advised to consult a travel doctor 4-6 weeks before departure in regards to the recommended vaccinations below:
For all vaccinations and health requirements, you can also refer to the recommendations from:
World Health Organization (WHO): http://www.who.int and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) http://wwwnc.cdc.gov.
If there are any medical items essential to your health, such as prescription drugs or corrective eye wear, bring duplicates and divide them between your checked bags and hand luggage. While non-prescription drugs such as aspirin are generally available, it is difficult to replace prescription items.
Other recommended Items:
Temperatures in Nicaragua are generally very pleasant with an annual average temperature of 25 degrees Celsius. The dry months run from November to April and can be very hot, while the rainy months are May to October and can leave you very chilly. Climates will also vary depending on what part of the country you are in, and the altitude of the region.
For up-to-date forecasts, check www.weather.com.
Suggested items to pack:
Photographers: Remember to pack sufficient memory cards, a spare camera battery, charger and dust-resistant case.
Electricity: Electricity in Nicaragua is provided at 120V/60Hz, using 2 pronged flat American style outlets. If you are using a Canadian or American appliance, an adapter is not needed.
Phone: Coverage is good throughout most of the country. Check with your phone company if there are roaming agreements before your departure.
Internet: Internet cafés and wireless access is available in most urban areas, airports and hotels with good connections and speed.
The official currency of Nicaragua is the Nicaraguan Cordoba (NIO), which comes in denominations of C$10, C$20, C$50, C$50, C$100, C$200, and C$500 notes. Coins come in denominations of C$1, C$5, C$10, and 5, 10, 25, and 50 centavos. Due to its proximity to the United States, the US Dollar is also accepted throughout the country. ATMs are available in most cities but it is still best to carry alternative forms of payment as not all accept international cards.
For current exchange rates please visit www.xe.com
Currency: Gold Cordoba (NIO)
Religion: Roman Catholic
Time Zone: UTC -6
Telephone: Country code for calling is +505
Calling North America: Dial 001 plus area code and your 7-digit number
Emergency numbers in Nicaragua: Dial 118 for any type of emergency.