Pamukkale is a tourist attraction with thick white layers of limestone and travertine cascading down the mountain slope resembling a frozen waterfall. The tectonic movements that took place in the fault depression of the Menderes river basin triggered frequent earthquakes, and gave rise to the emergence of a number of very hot springs. The water from one of these springs, with its large mineral content — chalk in particular — created Pamukkale. It is recognized as a World Heritage Sites together with nearby Hierapolis castle. The springs were well-known in the Antiquity. They were described by the Roman architect Vitruvius. The Phrygian Greeks built Hierapolis on top of the hill.
(Istanbul, Cappadocia, Konya, Pamukkale, Kusadasi, Izmir, Canakkale)
As you descend into the dark underground city the lies beneath the streets of Kaymakli and Derinkuyu, the 7th-century ghosts of this ancient subterranean settlement stir in restless corners of the eerie labyrinth.
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