Brazil is the largest and most populous country in South America. It is the fifth largest country by geographical area, and the fifth most populous country in the world. Its population comprises the majority of the world's Portuguese speakers. Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of over 7,491 kilometers (4,655 mi). It has a bord ...er with almost every other South American country. Brazil was a colony of Portugal from 1500 until its independence in 1822. Initially independent as the Empire of Brazil, the country has been a republic since 1889. Brazil is the world's tenth largest economy. Brazil is also home to a diversity of wildlife, natural environments, and extensive natural resources in a variety of protected habitats. The capitol is Brasilia, however, most international flights go into Sao Paulo, the country's largest city. Top sights include Rio de Janeiro, Salvador de Bahia, Manaus, Iguazu Falls, and the Patanal.Show More
American and Canadian citizens must have a passport that is valid for at least 6 months beyond the intended return date in order to enter and depart Brazil.Tourists must also provide proof of return or onward travel. Each traveler is responsible for ensuring that his/her passport is up to date. Citizens of other nationalities should check with respective authorities before departure. Please ensure that the name on your passport matches all travel documents we have issued. If this is not the case, please contact us immediately.
Please make a photocopy of your passport’s identification page and keep it separate from the original. It’s also a good idea to leave a digital copy with someone at home. This may speed the replacement process should you lose your passport.
A passport and visa are required for both Canadian and U.S. citizens traveling to Brazil for any purpose. Brazilian visas MUST be obtained in advance from the Brazilian Embassy or consulate nearest to the traveler's place of residence. There are no "airport visas" and immigration authorities will refuse entry to Brazil to anyone not possessing a valid visa. Processing generally takes 10-15 working days along with a visa processing fee of approximately $106.25. All Brazilian visas, regardless of the length of validity, must initially be used within 90 days of the issuance date or will no longer be valid. Americans re-entering Brazil must be able to show an entry stamp in their passport proving that the visa was issued within 90 days; otherwise they will not be allowed re-entry. Immigration authorities will not allow entry into Brazil without a valid visa. The U.S. Government cannot assist travelers who arrive in Brazil without proper documentation. For remote, jungle or Amazon a Yellow Fever Certificate is required.
For more visa information please visit:
Cancellation and Medical Insurance is highly recommended as it can safeguard against the expenses associated with in-country medical emergencies, lost or delayed baggage and emergency cancelation or interruption of your trip. Please ensure your policy will provide you with upfront medical coverage so that you are not responsible for a hefty doctor’s bill while away. Insurance can be purchased through us.
No vaccinations are currently required to enter Brazil, although it is strongly recommended to vaccinate against Malaria and Yellow Fever if visiting rural areas.
It is advised to consult a travel doctor 4-6 weeks before departure in regards to the recommended vaccinations below:
For all vaccinations and health requirements, you can also refer to the recommendations from:
World Health Organization (WHO): http://www.who.int and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) http://wwwnc.cdc.gov.
If there are any medical items essential to your health, such as prescription drugs or corrective eye wear, bring duplicates and divide them between your checked bags and hand luggage. While non-prescription drugs such as aspirin are generally available, it is difficult to replace prescription items.
Other recommended Items:
Sunscreen (SPF 30 or higher), after-sun lotion, lip balm, sunglassesInsect repellent with a high concentration of DEET (at least 30 percent)Basic medicine kit (painkillers, band-aids, antiseptic cream, etc.)Digestive aids such as Imodium, Pepto-Bismol. Also, re-hydration salts and anti-diarrhea preparationsHydrocortisone tablets or cream for allergic skin reactions and bitesAnti-nausea tablets if you suffer from motion sickness
Brazil is a huge country with a variety different climate zones. Coastal regions can reach extremely hot temperatures, while plateau cities tend to have a much milder climate. South of Rio experiences much more defined seasons with a wide range of temperatures. The Amazonia regions can get more than 78 inches of rain every year, while the rest of the country has an average rainfall of between 39 – 59 inches per year, with most rain occurring between December and April.
For up-to-date forecasts, check www.weather.com.
Electricity: Brasília and Recife, 220 volts AC; Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, 127 volts AC or 220 volts in larger hotels. Plugs are of the two-pin type and three-pin type. Most hotels provide 110-volt and 220-volt outlets, transformers and adaptors.
Phone: Coverage is good throughout most of the country. Check with your phone company if there are roaming agreements before your departure.
Internet: Internet cafés and wireless access is available in most urban areas, airports and hotels with good connections and speed.
The official currency of Brazil is the Real (BRL), divided into 100 centavos. ATMs are available in most cities but it is still best to carry alternative forms of payment as some ATMs will notaccept international cards, and it can be difficult for Americans and Canadians to withdraw money on weekends and after 10 pm on weekdays. For current exchange rates please visit www.xe.com
Currency: Brazilian Real (BRL)
Religion: Roman Catholic & Protestant
Time Zone: UTC -2/-3/-4
Electricity: 127V/60Hz, 220V/60 Hz
Telephone: Country code for calling Brazil is +55
Calling North America: Dial 001 plus area code and your 7-digit number
Emergency numbers in Brazil: Police: 190, Medical Emergency Services: 192, Firemen: 193