Bulgaria

Bulgaria

Bulgaria forms part of the Balkans in south-eastern Europe. It borders Romania to the north (along the Danube River), Greece to the south, and the Black Sea to the east. The first Bulgarian kingdoms date back to the early Middle Ages, and the First Bulgarian Empire (632–1018) established the traditions, culture and language that exists to this day. Centuries later, with the decline of the Second Bulgarian Empire (1185–1422), Bulgarian kingdoms came under Ottoman rule for nearly five centuries. The Russo-Turkish War of 1878 led to the re-establishment of a Bulgarian state as a constitutional monarchy. Following the Young Turk Revolution, Bulgaria declared her independence from the Ottoman Emipre in 1908. After World War II, in 1945 Bulgaria became a communist state and part of the Eastern Bloc. In 1990 the Communist party gave up its power and Bulgaria transitioned to democracy and free-market capitalism. It joined the EU in 2007. The capitol of Sofia is a prime tourist attraction, along with the the seaside resort town of Varna.

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Bulgaria