Switzerland

Switzerland

Switzerland is a landlocked alpine country of roughly 7.6 million people in Western Europe, consisting of 26 states called cantons. Berne is the seat of the federal authorities, while the country's economic centres are its three global cities, Zurich, Geneva, and Basel. Switzerland is one of the richest countries in the world by per capita gross domestic product. Zurich and Geneva have respectively been ranked as having the first and second highest quality of life in the world. It is bordered by Germany to the north, France to the west, Italy to the south and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland has a long history of neutrality—it has not been at war since 1815—and hosts many international organizations, including the Red Cross, the World Trade Organization and one of the U.N.'s two European offices. However, it is not a member of the European Union. Switzerland is multilingual and has four national languages: German, French, Italian and Romansh. The establishment of Switzerland is traditionally dated to 1 August 1291.

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Switzerland