Finland

Helsinki Harbour

Finland is a Nordic country in northern Europe. It borders Sweden to the west, Russia to the east, and Norway to the north. The capital city is Helsinki. Finland was historically part of Sweden and from 1809 an autonomous Grand Duchy within the Russian Empire. Finland's declaration of independence in 1917 from Russia was followed by a civil war, wars against the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany, and a period of official neutrality during the Cold War. Finland joined the United Nations in 1955 and the European Union in 1995.  Commercial cruises between major coastal and port cities in the Baltic region, including Helsinki, Turku, Tallinn, Stockholm and Travemünde, play a significant role in the local tourism industry. There are many churches, cathedrals, museums and castles. Olavinlinna in Savonlinna hosts the annual Savonlinna Opera Festival. The capital city of Helsinki, is famous for its Grand Duchy era architecture, which resembles that of imperial St. Petersburg.

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Helsinki Harbour